Hive 正则表达式使用 与 匹配中文

1.regexp

语法: A REGEXP B
操作类型: strings
描述: 功能与RLIKE相同

select count(*) from olap_b_dw_hotelorder_f where create_date_wid not regexp '\\d{8}'

与下面查询的效果是等效的:

select count(*) from olap_b_dw_hotelorder_f where create_date_wid not rlike '\\d{8}';

匹配中文:

 self.reg = ‘regexp "[\u4e00-\u9fa5]"’
 sql_s = 'select word, searchapp from searchapp_%s where event_week = %s and word %s limit 100000000'%(language,ew_max,self.reg)

**

2.regexp_extract

**

语法: regexp_extract(string subject, string pattern, int index)
返回值: string
说明:将字符串subject按照pattern正则表达式的规则拆分,返回index指定的字符。

hive> select regexp_extract('IloveYou','I(.*?)(You)',1) from test1 limit 1;

Total jobs = 1

Total MapReduce CPU Time Spent: 7 seconds 340 msec
OK
love
Time taken: 28.067 seconds, Fetched: 1 row(s)

hive> select regexp_extract('IloveYou','I(.*?)(You)',2) from test1 limit 1;

Total jobs = 1

OK
You
Time taken: 26.067 seconds, Fetched: 1 row(s)

hive> select regexp_extract('IloveYou','(I)(.*?)(You)',1) from test1 limit 1;

Total jobs = 1

OK
I
Time taken: 26.057 seconds, Fetched: 1 row(s)

hive> select regexp_extract('IloveYou','(I)(.*?)(You)',0) from test1 limit 1;

Total jobs = 1

OK
IloveYou
Time taken: 28.06 seconds, Fetched: 1 row(s)

hive> select regexp_replace("IloveYou","You","") from test1 limit 1;
Total jobs = 1


OK
Ilove
Time taken: 26.063 seconds, Fetched: 1 row(s)

hive中的正则可以用,但是有所区别,区别在于原来的‘\’ 转义,这里变成了双斜杠了‘\’

hive中的正则解析函数:regexp_extract; 例如:‘匹配 10.122.248’

select regexp_extract(host,'(^[\\w]+)\\.([\\w]+)\\.([\\w]+)',0) aa from browsewebpagelog where dt like '20140630%';

第一参数:要处理的字段,第二参数需要匹配的正则表达式,第三个参数:0是显示与之匹配的整个字符串,1,是显示第一个括号里面的,2是显示第二个括号里面的字段…

**

3.regexp_replace

**

语法: regexp_replace(string A, string B, string C)
返回值: string
说明:将字符串A中的符合java正则表达式B的部分替换为C。注意,在有些情况下要使用转义字符,类似oracle中的regexp_replace函数。

hive> select regexp_replace("IloveYou","You","") from test1 limit 1;

Total jobs = 1

OK
Ilove
Time taken: 26.063 seconds, Fetched: 1 row(s)

hive> select regexp_replace("IloveYou","You","lili") from test1 limit 1;

Total jobs = 1

OK
Ilovelili

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